WHAT ARE THE COMMON CAUSES OF KNEE PAIN:
A sprain is an injury to the ligaments that hold the knee together, usually due to a fall or collision during a sport, abrupt twist of the knee, or placing sudden excessive weight on the knee joint. Symptoms include knee pain, swelling, bruising, instability and knee popping. It is best to rest your joint to prevent the condition from worsening. If pain and swelling lasts for more than 48 hours, please seek treatment.
A strain is a common injury when the tendons or muscles surrounding the knee are stretched, usually from exercise or lifting heavy weights. Symptoms include knee pain and limited range of motion. It is best to avoid strenuous activity until symptoms improve to avoid the risk of further damage. If symptoms persist, please seek treatment.
Bursitis occurs when the fluid in bursa around the knee joint is irritated, inflamed, or infected. This is usually due to repeated overuse or injury of the knee. Symptoms include knee pain and swelling. Untreated bursitis can cause chronic inflammation and pain.
Meniscal tears are one of the most common knee injuries. It occurs when the knee is twisted or accidentally rotated, usually during sports, or simply a result of overuse or aging. Symptoms include knee pain, swelling, limited range of motion and instability. Untreated tears can increase in size and lead to complications, such as arthritis.
Fractures occur when a person falls directly onto the knees and the kneecap cracks due to the force. Symptoms include knee pain, swelling, limited range of motion and tenderness. Untreated fractures can result in improper healing, misalignment, and infection.
Tendinitis is pain from tendons around the knee that is made worse when climbing, taking stairs, or walking up an incline. Symptoms include knee pain, tenderness and mild swelling. Untreated tendinitis can be quite debilitating and affect quality of life.
Osteoarthritis is pain and inflammation caused by degeneration and deterioration of the joint cartilage. Symptoms include knee pain, tenderness, stiffness and limited range of motion. Osteoarthritis, if not treated properly, can result in the need for surgery and joint replacement.
The most common knee cyst is the Baker’s cyst which is a build-up fluid behind the knee. Symptoms include knee pain, calf pain, and clicking, locking and buckling of the knee joint. Left untreated, the cyst could burst, causing bruising in the lower leg. Meniscal cysts are related to meniscal tears and can also lead to a painful lump around the knee.